At first, I want to say that ocean engineering is the best option because ocean engineers use a combination of electrical, civil, mechanical and general engineering principles to work with oceanographers, marine biologists, geologists and geophysicists in creating tools and devices to help with research projects.
This field is really good for your career. I think you must do ocean engineering.
- Coastal Engineering
- Hydrographic Engineering
- Marine Vehicles (Naval architecture)
- Marine Materials and Corrosion
- Underwater Technology
There are a lot of career prospects for ocean engineering some of which are as follows:
1. You can apply to construction companies specializing in offshore structures, which is going to be big in future as sea level rise will shrink our land and increase the expense of our oceans. You must have heard of a country in South Asia whose ruler has a palace built under the Indian Ocean as his country is in danger of coming under water by 2030. As an ocean engineer, I think this is sufficient to motivate you.
2. Further, you may apply to oil drilling and exploration companies which would be happy to take you as the fields have huge overlap.
3. Another career prospect can be towards research. As the Satellite technology is a recent phenomena careers in Oceanography have boomed in the last decade in research fields. Among land, ocean and atmosphere which form the three constituents of earth, oceans are the least explored bit. So a lot of data needs to be collected and although efforts are on in that direction, but still there’s a huge demand and supply gap.
You can think of the importance of oceans from the fact that all the prediction and forecasting of weather and climate that takes place is done by approximating or in technical terms parameterizing the oceanic part, i.e. the ocean heat content, salinity et al. So research is also a very good prospect.
Ocean engineering provides an important link between the other oceanographic disciplines such as marine biology, chemical and physical oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics. Just as the interests of oceanographers have driven the demand for the design skills and technical expertise of ocean engineers, the innovations in instrumentation and equipment design made by ocean engineers have revolutionized the field of oceanography.
Ocean Engineer: Job Description, Duties and Requirements
Job Description of Ocean Engineers
Ocean engineers use a combination of electrical, civil, mechanical and general engineering principles to work with oceanographers, marine biologists, geologists and geophysicists in creating tools and devices to help with research projects. These devices may be used to sense underwater objects and seafloor formations, measure underwater earthquake activity or study tides. Ocean engineers work as part of a research or design team, but also can work independently, developing new research and exploration tools. They must be able to work on ships or in submersibles, often in harsh and dangerous conditions. Jobs are often found in the government, military, oil, conservation or navigation industries, as well as with private companies. According to September 2014 data from PayScale.com, the median salary of ocean engineers was $62,523.
Duties of Ocean Engineers
An ocean engineer is responsible for the design, plan and development of devices used by oceanographers and marine biologists. Using both engineering principles and a knowledge of the ocean environment, they must create instruments that can stand up to being submerged in salt water, withstand storms and stay at sea for long periods of time. They may also need to fix and maintain the equipment.
Requirements to Become an Ocean Engineer
There are several education paths available to prospective ocean engineers, most often beginning with earning a bachelor’s degree in an engineering discipline. Bachelor’s degree programs in ocean engineering include an overview of the ocean environment and teach them methods of research such as analysis, construction and operation of marine systems. Students learn about geomechanics, energy generation and ocean structures, with courses in coastal engineering, ocean environment engineering, robotic design and underwater acoustics. Many courses require students to train in the field or a laboratory as part of a research or design team.
Post-graduate studies in ocean engineering are also available. They typically cover a number of engineering studies, such as ocean structure dynamics, buoyancy, wave mechanics, coastal engineering and mineral resources. There are also capstone design projects for offshore studies and ocean resources, and a thesis on a specific subject matter may also be required.